The late middle ages were the period of extensive colonization. Many new settlements were established which consequently resulted in new and new constructions built in Gothic style.
In Olomouc, the cultural and religious centre of Moravia of that time, some of the most outstanding Gothic sights are the architectonic components of town´s four dominants, the town hall (vaulting plus the late-gothic ambulatory of St. Jeronym´s Chapel), churches of St. Mořic and St. Michal (the chapel of St. Alexius) and the church of St. Václav (three-nave, cloister...).
Among the neighbouring towns´ religious constructions that retained, minimally though, its Gothic appearance, are churches in Uničov, Prostějov and nearby Vřesovice, and cloisters in Šternberk and Prostějov.
One of the most important sights to admire in its original state is the Church of St. Thomas of Canterbury with a beautiful net and cross vault, situated in Mohelnice.
Typical features of Gothic style are still seen in numerous reconstructed or newly built castles, namely Bouzov, Helfštýn, Šternberk, Tovačov and Sovinec.
Gothic sculpturing is represented by e.g. the epitaph of Johanka of Kravaře on a church in Prostějov, sculpture of Christ on Mount of Olives at St. Mořic Church in Olomouc and a relief illustrating the death of the Virgin in the sacristy of the same church, Madonnas of Prostějov, and Madonnas of Olomouc´s Church of Virgin Mary of Snow and primarily the majestic statue of Our Lady with an Infant in the church in Střechovice near Prostějov. The example of a Gothic painting, relatively rare in Central Moravia, is mainly a mural painting of the Virgin in the Dominican church in Olomouc.